Hennie says: September 9, 2015 at 8:18 am. We’ll start off with this handsome fellow. Okay, Eva the Evarcha doesn’t directly suck from your neck like Dracula, but instead deliberately hunts out female mosquitoes which have fed on human vertebrae blood. Here are a couple of important preventative tips for spider and spider bites in South Africa that parents can implement to protect their children against spider bites: Cape Town Helicopters In South Africa 67 genera and 265 species are currently described. 15 Stunning But Dangerous African Flowers, Why You Should Visit The UNESCO World Heritage Sites Of Senegal, 10 Reasons Why Travelers Are Wild About Reunion Island, Where To Rest Your Head In Style In Windhoek. While most of the spider species found in South Africa are harmless, there certainly are a few that are incredibly venomous. Knowledge on spider and spider bites in South Africa is especially important when you have kids. Nice And Juicy! Egg sacs are smooth, usually spherical, sometimes tear-drop shaped and about the size of a large green pea. No need to register, buy now! Remember, when a cytotoxic spider bites your child they might not feel any pain or be aware that it even happened. V&A Waterfront South Africa has over 28 species of this spitting creeper. Not only can it sting you with its impressive tail, it can also “spray” droplets of poison at you as well. farm near Sannieshof North West. All button spiders belong to the genus Latrodectus, and there are six different species found in Africa. The black widow spider can grow up to 0.39 inches in size while some female measure about 0.51 inches in body length. They're an integral part of our natural ecosystems and play an invaluable role in controlling pests. It is home to the Zulus being the largest black tribe in the country and named aptly after them. Hi all, We saw same insect in Victoria Falls Safari Lodge Zimbabwe in March 2015. I was born and grew up in South Africa and went to an Afrikaans school in Pietermaritzburg, the capital city of the province of Kwa-Zulu Natal, KZN for short. Therefore, knowing what these Arachnoid kings and queens are all about, how to identify them and what to do if you, or someone you know, get bitten makes all the difference. Unfortunately for arachnophobes, many species can be found indoors, as some areas around the home make ideal habitats. Believe it or not, these are popular as pets, and can live up to five years in captivity. Southern Africa has well over 2,200 known species of spiders with very few that are of medical importance. There has never been a fatal spider bite in Southern Africa. An interesting experiment was done in 1959 to test how lethal the Huntsman’s poison was: scientists allowed one to bite an adult guinea pig on the nose, and seven minutes later the pig died. Not every species is a carrier however, and mostly it is A. gambiae and A. funestus who do the damage. 2 7 Responses to Wolf Spider from South Africa. … Button spiders usually found in dark places and occur through- out the country. During times of food shortages, the entire colony will take to the road, marching through whatever is in their path. To minimise the risk, both for yourself and your children, it is extremely beneficial to know how to identify these venomous local spiders, what common signs and symptoms of these specific spider bites are and what do if someone is bitten: Not only is this night-dwelling spider considered by many experts to be South Africa’s most dangerous spider, it is also estimated to be responsible for nearly three quarters of all reported spider bites. Though feared and maligned by many, they're an integral part of natural ecosystems and play an invaluable role in controlling pests. Little ones tend to run around and explore all sorts of hideaways and hard-to-reach spots, thereby putting them at an increased risk of getting bitten by a spider. They’re also known as button spiders and have a black round abdomen with a red hourglass-shaped marking. To help you plan, we offer hotel and restaurant reviews, articles, and advice from seasoned travelers. This is probably the most well-known South African spider and can be classified into two categories, the deadly black widow or black As allot of these spiders are night dwellers, be sure to check your child for bite sites in the morning, especially if you are in an area that’s home to a large number of venomous spiders. : 15 Edible African Bugs to a range of about five to 10 millimeters, these African spiders will eject silk all over the helpless creatures, paralyzing them and then attacking them with a disabling bite. Take extra precautions if you know a certain area is home to a large number of spiders. In Sub-Saharan Africa, there are six different species of these African spiders, found from Cape Verde to Madagascar. We’re done with the African spiders, so now it’s time for the creepy crawlies. Let’s take a closer look at both of them. Africa hosts 15 species all over the land, and their webs are normally spun under rock or logs. We normally catch them and then throw them out into the garden. Spiders found in South Africa include 19 unique species from confirmed sightings by contributing members of Spider ID. In a home, this can include garages, sheds, barns, basements, and crawlspaces. Venomous spiders to look out for. V&A Waterfront As with Tarantulas, Baboon Spiders have a quite toxic venom which can make a human vomit, walk funny, and experience shock symptoms. Button spiders are found all over South Africa, and they usually reside in quiet, dark places. There are members of this genus in Africa, but they actually look quite different. This is some serial killer-style stuff. While there are more than 35 000 species of spiders worldwide, only a few thousand are found in South Africa alone. Violin spider: Getting bitten by spider in bed is extremely rare. Nocturnal in their living habits, they derive their name from their thick furry fingers which resemble a baboon’s finger. Argiope bruennichi (Lotem Sason / Wikimedia Commons). Then stuck it to a hole. Found in Uganda and Kenya, this multi-eyed terror prefers to stalk its prey rather than spin a web and bide its time. Siafu is a loanword from Swahili, and these ants come with a fearsome reputation. They’re the largest cockroaches in the world, reaching 2 to 3 inches (5.1–7.6 cm) at maturity. Though she loves to munch on mayflies, not humans, it would still be the stuff of nightmares to row your canoe into one of her webs. +27 21 418 9462, Experiential Booking CMS From the top to the bottom of Africa, you can find the Spitting Spider, harmless to humans but unsightly to behold. That’s because this vision of hell is the one we’ve been warned about all our lives: Black Widow!! from the outer edge. Animals and foodstuffs also suffer though, with untold financial damages incurred. This is probably the most well-known South African spider and can be classified into two categories, the deadly black widow or black button spider and the less venomous brown button spider. Title: Spiders of Southern Africa Authors: John Leroy; Astri Leroy Struik Publishers Cape Town, South Africa 2003 ISBN 9781868729449 Softcover, 15x21 cm, 96 pages, many colour photos. Button Spiders have round abdomens with slender legs. Now that you know which spiders make up the ‘Spider Big 5’, here are a couple of extra helpful tips on spiders and spider bites in South Africa and what to do if your child does get bitten by a spider: Prevention is ALWAYS better than cure! New South African Spiders. In case you were wondering, “Sicarius” means “murderer” in Latin. A website built to showcase the Jumping Spiders of South Africa Also called the Crab Spider because of its leg span which can sometimes stretch to three inches, the females can get aggressive when defending their eggs. In Africa, respect and reverence should be paid not only to the large stampeding creatures (elephants, hippos and so forth), but also to the smallest. • Black Widow/Button Spider: Probably the most well-known South African spider, it is identified by the red hourglass shape on its shiny black body. Most bites occur when people accidentally disturb the spider in its hiding place. Should you visit and run into any of these African spiders and creepy crawlies — which range from beautiful to hideous, harmful to terrifying, harmless to interesting– it’s best to proceed with caution! Another poisonous species in the genus is the brown widow spider. Perhaps this is because you may see a bulb of light skittering its way along the ground, which is just because this spider is shiny and glabrous (a scientific word for ‘without hair’). This certainly earns the Sac Spider the number 1 spot on the big 5 spider list. Reply. In South Africa, Salticidae is the most diverse family with 240 species, followed by the Gnaphosidae with 176 species and Thomisidae with 133. Spiders are most likely to enter your home in the autumn in search of a warm place to spend the winter. So no need to worry. This can be difficult for the millions of people who have a real fear of spiders. Protecting businesses and homes in South Africa from Pests for 50 Years. Perhaps not so much terrifying as purely riveting, the silk from this spider found in Madagascar is the toughest biological material ever studied. Severe complications like described here are extremely rare. Alright, we’ll own up. I saw 3 of these spiders in my house, not at the same time. One of the most dangerous spiders in the United States is the Brown Recluse, and here you have Africa’s spin on her. Found over the African continent but especially in the southern countries, Deino the Ogre spider carries an amount of venom which can kill an insect or small bird, but not a human. It was later ruled out that the venom didn’t kill it…but the shock of seeing the spider did! This is not just a matter of appreciating all manner of animals, lizards, and insects, but for your own safety. 220 East Pier Road KZN has a very large English speaking community, because historically many British settlers made KZN their new home. ‘Out of that number, only five are considered harmful to humans.’ He explained that the Jumping Spider is not venomous. they are really scary looking. Scientific tests have showed that Eva will prefer blood-filled lady mosquitoes (male mosquitoes do not suck the blood of animals) over all other insects, proving that its prey preference is truly humans! But there are still many deaths in Africa caused by the TseTse fly, estimated to be at least 250,000 per year. Find the perfect rain spider africa stock photo. They’re very solitary spiders, only socializing during copulation. The list follows the SANBI listing on iNaturalist, and does not always agree with WoRMS for distribution. Also called the Crab Spider because of its leg span which can sometimes stretch to three inches, the females can get aggressive when defending their eggs. In order to equip you with the necessary knowledge on which South African spiders are venomous, namely the BIG 5 of dangerous spiders, we have prepared this spider and spider bite in South Africa guide to help you out. If a spider with these terrorizing looks should confront you right inside your bedroom, I bet you’ll develop goose pimples in seconds! The picture here also depicts a European violin spider. Spiders; how to get rid of spiders; How to Get Rid of Spiders . Make sure your child wears long sleeves and pants if they are playing around these areas. Especially with South African ‘spider season’ being upon us with spiders and spider bites in South Africa increasing during the warm summer months, it’s more important than ever to be aware and prepared! However, while they may seem like the end of days to humans, it’s actually the opposite situation, as they are a threatened species in Africa and are declining rapidly in numbers. Spider bite and its treatment in southern Africa dot may even be absent in adult spiders (Figure 1). Also the same general rules as the widow apply: Most bites will heal just fine in healthy people. The venom of these spiders is highly neurotoxic, and females have the potential to kill a child or an infirm adult. But that doesn’t mean that the mere mention of the dreaded ‘S word’ doesn’t strike fear into even the bravest of us. South Africa is home to over 3,000 known species of spiders. Also known as the Transvaal thick-tailed scorpion, this critter is happily nocturnal, so your chances of seeing it in daytime are lessened. South Africa is home to over 3,000 known species of spiders, many of which are found in our homes, gardens and natural surroundings. These spiders are harmless to man. Conduct a thorough inspection of your child after they have been playing in areas that are prone to spiders and spider webs. Found mostly in the Namib and Kalahari deserts, it will bury itself in the sands and then lash out at its prey, although this is rare, as Six-Eye can live without food or drink for at least a year. Make sure your outhouses, garages, attics, windowsills, corners etc. Although it is relatively easy to avoid the massive columns, occasionally the very young or elderly find themselves in the way of the ants, and fall victim at a rate of about 25 a year. In the morning, if no bounty has been captured, the Ogre consumes the web. Millions of children, let alone adults, die from malaria each year. And with malaria becoming resistant to previously effective forms of treatment, you would be wise to exercise extremely careful precautions while travelling in malaria prone regions of Africa. Sources: darlingtonschool.org, nationalgeographic.com, goafrica.about.com, biodiversityexplorer.org. Perhaps the most dangerous insect in Africa is the tiny Anopheles mosquito, simply because it carries malaria, which is a killer. Some possess a pair of red spots on their back while others do not have markings at all. During SANSA II a total of 116 new species were discovered and described and another 50 are in the process of being described. It's not at all normal. 6 Responses to Sun Spider from South Africa: Possible Case of Unnecessary Carnage. Rabbits beware: one bite can kill you in a few hours. But perhaps they are best known for their ability to “hiss,” which they do by forcing air through openings on each segment of their abdomen, hence their rather apt name. Inspect the area your child is playing in and make sure there are no visible signs of spiders or spider webs. Latrodectus is a broadly distributed genus of spiders with several species that, together, are referred to as true widows. The legs are long and thin, with the third pair characteristically shorter than the rest. Same … 1. ‘In South Africa approximately 5 000 different species of spider have been identified,’ he said. However, there are no recorded human fatalities to date. Darwini chooses to catch her prey above bodies of water, utilizing an area unused by all the other spiders who tend to spin their webs on dry land. The saucer eyes peer into your soul and the formidable fangs wait to cling on to you. The preferred habitat is the forest, so an overturned rock, log, or plant could find one of them. The Jumping Spider is getting the flak for all the local bites. Scientist in South Africa have discovered a new species of widow spider and they reckon it could be the biggest in the world. The larger female has a yellow and black scalloped abdomen. FIG. AFKTravel is the only comprehensive resource devoted solely to travel to and within Africa. Yolandi Els says: November 13, 2013 at 8:30 am . This article originally appeared on AFKInsider.com. They are diurnal, active hunters with excellent eyesight and can be recognised by their large anterior median eyes. Transport the victim to hospital without delay. In case its fearsome appearance didn’t put you off, let’s put this clearly: this is a dangerous scorpion. May I be the first person to say on behalf of all arachnophobes, nope. We are the authority on African travel information, advice, bookings and reviews on destinations from Cairo to Cape Town. Popping up frequently in Southern African homes around the season of the summer rains, these African spiders look absolutely terrifying, but their venom is weak and unlikely to adversely affect humans. Decription: Formerly Spiderwatch in Southern Africa, this new edition, revised and updated, is now being relaunched as Spiders of Southern Africa. The list of sea spiders of South Africa is a list of species that form a part of the pycnogonid (Class Pycnogonida) fauna of South Africa. Humans, once again, are the most dangerous animal. These black spiders with red dots are some of the most venomous house spiders in North America. Dangerous Spiders of South Africa • Black Widow/Button Spider: This is probably the most well-known South African spider, identified by the red hourglass on its round, black abdomen. The most infamous spider in South Africa, the black widow has a neurotoxic venom which is acutely poisonous. The TseTse fly feeds on the blood of vertebrate animals, including humans. A new species of the deadly widow spider has been discovered by scientists in Africa – and it may be the deadliest in the world. Its venom causes multi-tissue breakdown and blood vessel leakage, so best to not play hardball with this six-eyed desert dweller. South Africa is home to over 3,000 known species of spiders, many of which are found in our homes, gardens and natural surroundings. RULES: Before we introduce this page, please note, we do not allow any pictures of suspected bites. However, of all the spiders and spider bites in South Africa only a select few are harmful to humans. But try not to worry of all the spiders commonly found in South Africa, only a few are harmful to humans. Spider facts The next moment a spider pop up from another hole. Their cytotoxin breaks down tissues and kills cells, and while not inherently dangerous, must be treated. 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